During the first post-war years, Piraeus started to gradually recover. The port city, as well as the rest of the country, was left licking its wounds from a six-year period of degradation and demoralization, but still, the dawn of a new era was fast approaching; the reconstruction era. The first five years following liberation were devoted to the repair of war damage.
In the mid 50s, important projects aimed at developing and modernising the port so that it meets the needs of a constantly increasing traffic in marine transactions, started to get implemented. Up to the 80s, those ambitious projects had undergone a number of alterations from the original plans, dictated by technological evolution and the revolutionary changes in cargo-handling techniques, following the invasion of containers.
At same time, in the middle 1950s, an attempt to rebuild the city began climaxing during the next decade when multi-stored buildings were built, with concrete becoming more and more imposing, a necessary process, in order for the city to accommodate the growing number of residents.
Today, the city has been developed into a metropolis, being the third largest municipality in Greece. Beautiful, multifaceted and multicoloured, Piraeus efficiently responds to the growing demands of modern way of living.
The port of Piraeus is the chief port in Greece, the largest passenger port in Europe and the third largest in the world, servicing about 20 million passengers annually. With a steady rhythm of modernisation, it continues its progress and has become, once more, the most vital factor in the economic and cultural development of the city, just as it was in its prime in ancient times.